International Database for Barley Genes and Barley Genetic Stocks

BGS 601, Proanthocyanidin-free 19, ant19

BGN  29:92
Stock number: BGS 601
Locus name: Proanthocyanidin-free 19
Locus symbol: ant19

Previous nomenclature and gene symbolization:



Monofactorial recessive (2).
Location is unknown.


The mutant plants synthesize a wild type amount of anthocyanins in their vegetative parts, but the testa layers of the grains lack catechins and proanthocyanidins (2). The ant19 gene is probably the structural gene coding for leucoanthocyanidin reductase, the enzyme catalyzing the conversion of leucoanthocyanidins into catechins (3, 4).
No images

Origin of mutant:

A sodium azide induced mutant in Alf (NGB 13682) (1).

Mutational events:

ant19.109 (NGB 13703, GSHO 1631) in Alf (NGB 13682) (2).

Mutant used for description and seed stocks:

ant19.109 (NGB 13703, GSHO 1631) in Alf.


1. Jende-Strid, B. 1978. Mutation frequencies obtained after sodium azide treatments in different barley varieties. Barley Genet. Newsl. 8:55-57.

2. Jende-Strid, B. 1984. Coordinator's report: Anthocyanin genes. Barley Genet. Newsl. 14:76-79.

3. Kristiansen, K.N. 1984. Biosynthesis of proanthocyanidins in barley: Genetic control of the conversion of dihydroquercetin to catechin and procyanidins. Carlsberg Res. Commun. 49:503-524.

4. Tanner, G.J., K.N. Kristiansen, and B. Jende-Strid. 1992. Biosynthesis of proanthocyanidins (condensed tannins) in barley. Bulletin de Liaison - Groupe Polyphenols 16:170-173.


B. Jende-Strid. 1999. Barley Genet. Newsl. 29:92.