International Database for Barley Genes and Barley Genetic Stocks
BGS 610, Proanthocyanidin-free 30, ant30
Stock number: BGS 610
Locus name: Proanthocyanidin-free 30
Locus symbol: ant30
Previous nomenclature and gene symbolization:
Monofactorial recessive (2, 3).
Location is unknown.
No anthocyanin pigmentation is observed in any vegetative plant parts. The leaves of the mutant plants show drastically reduced amounts of flavonoids, an increased UV-B sensitivity, and the chalcone-glucoside isosalipurposide is accumulated. The mutant plants are extremely sensitive to powdery mildew. The ant30 gene most likely codes for the chalcone isomerase enzyme, which catalyzes the conversion of chalcones into flavanones (3).
Origin of mutant:
A sodium azide induced mutant in Gunhild (NGB 13690, PI 464655) (1).
ant30.245 (NGB 13674) in Gunhild (NGB 13690, PI 464655) (2, 3); ant30.272 (NGB 13675) in VP 116 (NGB 13691) (2, 3); ant30.287 (NGB 13676) in Hege 550/75 (NGB 13692) (2, 3); ant30.310 (NGB 13677) in Ca 33787 (NGB 13693) (2, 3).
Mutant used for description and seed stocks:
ant 30.245 (NGB 13674) in Gunhild; ant30.287 (NGB 13676) in Hege 550/75.
1. Jende-Strid, B. 1978. Mutation frequencies obtained after sodium azide treatments in different barley varieties. Barley Genet. Newsl 8:55-57.
2. Jende-Strid, B. 1997. Coordinator's report: Anthocyanin genes. Barley Genet. Newsl 28:103.
3. Reuber, S., B. Jende-Strid, V. Wray, and G. Weissenböck. 1997. Accumulation of the chalcone isosalipurposide in primary leaves of barley indicates a defective chalcone isomerase. Phys. Plant. 101:827-832.
B. Jende-Strid. 1999. Barley Genet. Newsl 29:101.